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    【6h】 Towards a fulfilling sojourn: Examining the role of possible selves in international students' cross-cultural adaptation.

    机译走向充实的旅居:研究自我可能在国际学生跨文化适应中的作用。

    【摘要】Despite the growing research on international students' cross-cultural adaptation, little is known regarding their migration motivation and goal-pursuit while sojourning abroad. The purpose of the present research was to consider the motivational significance of possible selves and self-regulatory processes in relation to their academic, linguistic, psychological, and socio-cultural adjustment in Canada. The present research is comprised of two studies. Study 1 explored international students' possible selves by general content and by balanced vs. matched configurations, and examined the potential relations between possible selves and aspects of cultural adjustment. Results showed that international students were most likely to envision possible selves in the career, education, intrapersonal, and interpersonal domains, and reported more balanced pair of possible selves than matched pair of possible selves. Certain domains of possible selves were found to be associated with international students' psychological and socio-cultural adjustment, and life satisfaction in Canada.;Study 2 reported a path analysis of cross-cultural adaptation model which integrated balanced possible selves and self-regulatory dimensions with acculturation variables. Results of the path analysis indicated that international students (1) with balanced possible selves had lower depression, partially because they had better academic adaptation and satisfaction, (2) had higher linguistic self-confidence, lower socio-cultural difficulty and higher life satisfaction in Canada, which were mediated by both frequency and satisfaction with the quality of contact with host-nationals, and (3) had low English anxiety and better academic adaptation and satisfaction, which were predicted by academic preparation. Results also revealed that the behavioral engagement combined with motivational intensity, did not predict any adjustment outcomes. These results demonstrate international students' possible selves reflect not only their immediate cross-cultural sojourning experiences but normative developmental tasks during adulthood. Envisioning balanced possible selves with high salience I and expectancy helped international students focus on desirable and achievable goals and facilitated better academic adaptation and satisfaction leading to better psychological adjustment. Contact with host-nationals not only led to better linguistic self-confidence in host culture language but fewer socio-cultural difficulties and greater sojourn satisfaction. Implications and limitations of studies as well as suggestions for future research are also addressed.

    【摘要机译】尽管国际学生对跨文化适应的研究越来越多,但他们在国外定居时的迁移动机和目标追求却鲜为人知。本研究的目的是考虑可能的自我和自我调节过程在加拿大的学术,语言,心理和社会文化适应方面的激励意义。本研究包括两项研究。研究1通过总体内容,平衡与匹配的配置来探索国际学生的可能自我,并研究了可能自我与文化适应方面之间的潜在关系。结果表明,国际学生最有可能在职业,教育,人际和人际领域中设想可能的自我,并且报告说,一对可能的自我比配对的可能自我更加平衡。发现可能的自我的某些领域与国际学生的心理和社会文化适应以及加拿大的生活满意度有关。;研究2报告了跨文化适应模型的路径分析,该模型综合了可能的自我和自我调节的维度与适应变量。路径分析的结果表明,国际学生(1)自我平衡的可能性较低,部分原因是因为他们的学术适应性和满意度较高;(2)语言自信程度较高,社会文化难度较低且生活满意度较高加拿大是通过与接待国联系的频率和满意度来介导的;(3)英语焦虑程度较低,并且学术适应性和满意度较高,这是由学术准备所预测的。结果还表明,行为参与与动机强度相结合并不能预测任何调整结果。这些结果表明,国际学生的自我可能不仅反映了他们即时的跨文化寄宿经历,而且反映了成年期间的规范性发展任务。设想具有较高显着性I和期望值的自我平衡,可以帮助国际学生专注于理想的目标和可实现的目标,并促进更好的学术适应和满意度,从而更好地进行心理调整。与东道国国民的接触不仅提高了东道国文化语言的语言自信心,而且减少了社会文化上的困难并提高了旅居满意度。研究的意义和局限性以及对未来研究的建议也得到了解决。

    【原文格式】PDF

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