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    【6h】Relationship of early infant feeding (breast vs. formula) and fruit and vegetable variety in dietary intakes of 2-3 year olds, as may predict child's BMI Z-score.

    机译2-3岁儿童的饮食摄入中,婴儿早期喂养(母乳与配方食品)和水果和蔬菜种类之间的关系可以预测儿童的BMI Z评分。

    【摘要】The theory of breastmilk flavor exposure impacting later dietary variety in children was examined. Dietary intakes of 2-3 year olds of overweight (BMI > or = 25) mothers were analyzed. Mothers reported how the child was fed for the first 3 months. Participants were classified as either fully formula-fed group (FF, n=63) or fully breastfed group (BF, n=123) (mixed-fed group was excluded). Two-day 24-hr dietary recalls were conducted. The number (variety) of different fruits and vegetables (F&V) was counted over 2 days. Reappearing foods were not counted again. Bivariate relationships of maternal BMI, income, education, age, race, and feeding group were analyzed with variety. Variables were then entered into regression models to predict fruit, vegetable, and total F&V variety.;In bivariate analysis, variety of fruit was significantly higher in the BF (FF 2.7 +/- 1.5, BF 3.3 +/- 1.5; P=0.02), while neither vegetable (FF 2.8 +/- 1.6; BF 2.4 +/- 1.6), nor total F&V (FF 5.5 +/- 2.4, BF 5.7 +/- 2.3), varieties were significantly different between groups. In multivariate analysis, BF was higher when women were educated (P=0.0005) and had a lower BMI (BF 31.2 +/- 4.8; FF 32.9 +/- 6.3 kg/m2; P=0.04). Maternal BMI was a significant negative predictor of fruit variety, while education was a positive predictor of fruit variety. No variable predicted vegetable variety. Education and BMI also predicted total fruit and vegetable variety (P=0.04, P=0.03). Bivariate analysis showed that maternal education and BMI were the significant predictors of fruit and vegetable intake. Results of this study do not support the theory that exposure to flavors transmitted in breastmilk within the first 3 m of life affect later F&V variety.

    【摘要机译】研究了母乳风味暴露影响儿童后来饮食变化的理论。分析了2-3岁超重(BMI>或= 25)母亲的饮食摄入量。母亲报告了孩子在头三个月的喂养情况。参加者分为全配方喂养组(FF,n = 63)或全母乳喂养组(BF,n = 123)(不包括混合喂养组)。进行为期两天的24小时饮食召回。在2天内计算了不同水果和蔬菜(F&V)的数量(品种)。重新出现的食物不再计算在内。母体BMI,收入,教育程度,年龄,种族和喂养组之间的双变量关系进行了分析。然后将变量输入回归模型以预测水果,蔬菜和总F&V品种。;在双变量分析中,BF中的水果品种明显更高(FF 2.7 +/- 1.5,BF 3.3 +/- 1.5; P = 0.02 ),而蔬菜(FF 2.8 +/- 1.6; BF 2.4 +/- 1.6)和总F&V(FF 5.5 +/- 2.4,BF 5.7 +/- 2.3)都不存在,但两组之间的品种差异显着。在多变量分析中,受过女性教育的BF较高(P = 0.0005),而BMI较低(BF 31.2 +/- 4.8; FF 32.9 +/- 6.3 kg / m2; P = 0.04)。孕产妇体重指数是水果品种的显着负向预测因子,而教育是水果品种的正向预测因子。没有可变的预测蔬菜品种。教育和体重指数还预测了水果和蔬菜的总品种(P = 0.04,P = 0.03)。双变量分析表明,孕产妇教育和BMI是水果和蔬菜摄入量的重要预测指标。这项研究的结果不支持这样的理论,即在生命的前3 m内暴露于母乳中传播的风味会影响后来的F&V品种。

    【作者】Strong, LaCrystal A.;

    【作者单位】The University of North Carolina at Greensboro.;

    【年(卷),期】2010(),

    【年度】2010

    【页码】78 p.

    【总页数】78

    【原文格式】PDF

    【正文语种】eng

    【中图分类】;

    【关键词】

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